Tuesday, July 28, 2009

Building Up

The bright flowers in the foreground help to draw the eye away from the shoddy construction and bland uniformity of it all. 1988.

Tatar Play 1988

I went to this performance of this play in Kazan.
The theatre was beautiful.
The play was interesting and well done.
The crowd of attendees was kind and genuine.

It's ironic that the least phony place that we visited was a theatre.

Domuz Eti Yoktur - In your PanAm inflight meal

Monday, July 27, 2009

Hailar - Haylar China Manchuria - Russian Inner Mongolia

The sign on the side of the building reads "Manchuriya" in Cyrillic Russian

Old Carts pulling wood

Hailar General View. Gymnasia is the white two-story structure.

Hailar - Camel and Hay

These images we believe to be from just after 1932.

The area was occupied by the Chinese in the 7th century ce under the early Tang dynasty (618–907), when it was part of the Heishui protectorate general. Chinese occupation, however, was short-lived and never very effective. During the period of Mongol domination in the 13th century, there was a walled settlement on the river’s north bank, traces of which survive. In late Ming times (16th–17th century) the area was occupied by the Solon (Tungus) and Daghor (Daur) peoples. After 1644, under the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12), the Manchus gave a considerable degree of autonomy to the local Mongol tribes, who established Hailar as their seat. The city’s development was greatly stimulated in 1899 with the arrival of the Chinese Eastern Railway, built by the Russians under the Sino-Russian treaty of 1896. In 1901, during the Boxer Rebellion of Chinese against foreigners, Hailar was occupied by Russian forces. In 1905 it was opened as a river port for foreign commerce. The Chinese government abolished its autonomous status in 1910, renamed the city Hulun (designating it a county), and established a regular Chinese local administration. In 1912, however, the local Mongol population, particularly the Bargut, began a series of rebellions, with Russian encouragement, that forced the Chinese to restore some measure of autonomy. After many Chinese had settled along the railway to the east of Hailar, the Chinese government again canceled (1919) the Bargut’s autonomy and incorporated the whole area into adjacent Heilongjiang province. Constant encroachment and exploitation by the Chinese settlers and merchants brought about a serious Mongol uprising in 1928. The rebellious Mongols established an autonomous region of Hulun Buir, the independence of which was recognized by the Japanese in Manchuria (Northeast China). Following the establishment (1931) in Manchuria of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo (Manzhouguo), the Mongolian border area was again organized into an autonomous region, Xing’an, with Hailar as the northern provincial capital. In 1947 it was incorporated into Inner Mongolia.
The city’s primary role has always been that of a market and commercial center. In earlier times it was the terminus of caravan routes from central Mongolia and the site of great annual horse fairs. Now a railway city and the focus of an extensive road network, it stands between the areas colonized by Chinese settlers and the Mongolian border pasture lands. It trades in meat, hides, and dairy products. Plants manufacturing machines, chemicals, and paper have been established there. A large open-cut coal mine is located about 42 miles (70 km) south of the city, near the Yimin River. Hailar also has established a food-processing industry, using the rich farming and livestock products nearby. Pop. (2000) 253,576.
above from online Encyclopedia Brittanica

Shayan Kyz Notalar

Awil Koy Notalar

Aerylmas Duslar Notalar

Karta Tatarstana

Ayu Balalary Biyue Notalar

Yumoreska Notalar

Yangir Telew Notalar - Balalar Folklorynnan

Ujetlek Notalar

Irte Notalar

Friday, July 24, 2009