Hi Ilhan,I must say i am delighted to have found your blog, being a Turk who lives in Russia and having a huge interest in Tatar culture, this blog is a wonder of the world for me.The script looks like some Mongolian script, as the letters have 3 forms depending on their location in the word (similar to Arabic). As you have stated in another post, the word "Tatar" was used for various ethnicities in Middle Asia, probably this is one good example.
Evren is in the right direction when he says "the word 'Tatar' was used for various ethnicities in Middle Asia." In this case, as the title of the chart ("Alphabet des Tatares Mouantcheoux") notes, the alphabet is that of the Manchus in Northeast Asia. Although that seems unrelated to what Western Europeans call Tatars today, at that time Tartary was everything from European Russia to the Pacific Ocean. Manchuria was called Eastern or Maritime Tartary. The water between Manchuria and Sakhalin is still called the Strait of Tartary in English.
This is Manchu Script,It's different Monggolian Script,Wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchu_alphabet
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